Tiempo de lectura: 2 minutos
Lulu, Ciudad de México, México
8 de agosto de 2015 – 13 de septiembre de 2015
Carrying on Smith’s interest in themes such as colonialism, urbanization, the effects of industrialization and ultimately, entropy and nature, Fordlandia (2014) is a video that revolves around Henry Ford’s eponymous work colony in the Amazon rain forest in Brazil. A Fitzcarraldian fiasco of epic proportions, Ford’s impetus in establishing the outpost was to develop his own rubber for tire production. He struck a deal with the Brazilian government, trading 9% interest in the profits generated for a 10,000 km2 (3,900 square miles) piece of land, upon which he built an entirely prefabricated city, replete with American-style, perfectly manicured lawns. For a variety of reasons, ranging from revolt of local laborers, to the rubber tree plague, to the eventual invention of synthetic rubber which rendered rubber cultivation virtually obsolete, Ford found himself eventually obliged to sell his industrial utopia, which he himself never even visited, to the Brazilian government at a loss of close to 20 million dollars in 1945. The site has languished in the jungle ever since.
Melanie Smith’s approximately 30 minute video, little seen in Mexico, documents a journey to the current ruins of Ford’s Amazonian folly. Rather than presenting broad, picturesque views of the landscape in which it is located, Smith, and her cinematographer, Julien Devaux, decided to focus on details of the journey and ultimately the contrasts of the city itself with its inhospitable surroundings. Without abandoning the linear trajectory of an expedition, this highly atmospheric montage fluctuates between close-ups of people’s body parts, the patinated remnants of Fordlandia, and the mist-covered jungle itself. Its motley of sharp, quasi-painterly contrasts is not limited to the visual, but also extends to the auditory, both of which Smith deftly plaits together to compose a richly textured portrait of this unique and impossible relic of 20th century hubris.
Melanie Smith was born in Poole, England in 1965; she has lived and worked in Mexico City since 1989. Her work has been exhibited in numerous national and international institutions, including: PS1, New York; MOMA, New York; UCLA’S, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles; ICA, Boston; Tate Liverpool; Tate Modern, London; South London Gallery, London; CAMH, Houston; Milton Keynes; CCA, Vilnius; Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam; Museo de Arte de Lima; Museo Tamayo, Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo and Museo Experimental El Eco, Mexico City; and Museo de Monterrey. In 2011 she represented Mexico at its national pavilion in the 54th Venice Biennale. The work of Melanie Smith is represented by Galerie Peter Kilchmann, Zurich; Galerie Nara Roesler, São Paulo; Sicardi Gallery, Houston; and Galería Proyecto Paralelo, Mexico City.
Courtesy of the artist and Lulu, Mexico City