Todos tipos trans

As part of our Projector section, the International LGBTIQ+ Film Festival Asterisco has made a selection of three short films from its latest edition.

The trans presence has been gaining ground on the Argentine and Latin American big screen, mainly through documentaries that portray different travesti and trans experiences in the region. For the most part, those who investigate these themes are filmmakers who are outside the industrial forms of production and who understand the documentary as a genre located on the margins of the most legitimized forms of filmmaking and circulation. Moreover, when documentaries use the short film format, the marginality in terms of hegemonic forms of production is even greater. Therefore, the use of short films is preferred in order to present with greater emancipation the values of a system that is oppressive with bodies, ways of life, sexualities and genders; but also repressive with social class and other intersections that are often framed or suppressed when addressing films with trans people or themes that really question the policies of exclusion and extermination.

In the Panamanian short Soy Sasha by Yineth López, as well as in the Argentinean shorts Una casa que no tiene techo by Celeste Onaindia and Todos Tipos Trans by Sabino Jerónimo Gazzaniga, marginal forms of production appear, but also portraits that evade the hegemonic forms of trans representations. With this, the differences that end up suspending the assimilation of the trans in culturally designed forms from cissexist perspectives and without a dialogue with the different territories to which each person belongs are exploded, avoiding that documentary model that disarticulates the social power of travestis and trans lives with spectacularization.

There is a tendency towards communal and intimate dialogue in each short film that creates a social dimension of trans experiences where the problems and expression of cissexism can be addressed in parallel with those of structural racism while merging the poetic forms of language with the need for the self-determination of bodies. All this is as important for Asterisco as it is for an LGBTIQ+ festival in terms of the multiplicity of the approach proposed by each short film as the search to leave national cinema to understand cinema in a more regional way, in dialogue with different territories and experiences in order to leave the pre-established maps. The audiovisual breaks those frontiers that make us live precarious lives.

Text by Andrea Guzmán y Diego Trerotola.

Todos Tipos Trans
Director: Sabino Jerónimo Gazzaniga
Production: Muta Cine and Ciclo Independiente
Asistencia de dirección: María Jerónimo
Camera: Joaquín Lema Huergo, María Jerónimo
Editing: Joaquín Lema Huergo, María Jerónimo
Direct Sound: Sofía Scovotti
Postproduction: Julieta Navarro Y Mercedes Herrera
Cast: Julián Chacón, Gabi Díaz Villa, Fernando Martín Rodríguez, Ese Negro Montenegro
Length: 23 minutes

When Sabino Jerónimo Gazzaniga, a 31-year-old trans man from La Pampa, was about to graduate in audio-video studies at the Universidad Nacional de Lanús, he did a thesis on the representation of trans masculinities in Argentinean cinema and found more absences than presences on local screens. That is why he decided to investigate with this documentary the way in which trans men relate to existing audiovisual productions and feminisms through interviews with four trans men: Julián Chacón, Gabi Díaz Villa, Fernando Martín Rodríguez and Ese Negro Montenegro. Carried out in the city of Buenos Aires, the transmasculine identity is placed in perspective: no longer as objects of study but enunciating as subjects producing contents.


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