Indigenous Visual Sovereignty: For All the Memories Yet To Be Recorded

Where does the sovereignty of images lie? Wandering critically through the fields of memory, the artists Lorena Cruz Santiago and Alex Santana share impressions of visual productions that, as an exercise of autonomy, move away from statism flowing in a stream of what original populations are and have been.

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  1. Note of the editor: This program began during the sexennium of President Manuel Ávila Camacho through which approximately 4 million Mexicans were hired in the USA for agricultural work. The Bracero program ended the hooking system, and the hiring process became the responsibility of official initiatives and not a mere private negotiation. In this sense, in spite of the improvements, the program that would only be extended for two more decades, was not exempt of multiple failures, and in the decade of the fifties the workers felt a loss of position that caused the deportation of about a million undocumented people. Currently, the historical episode known as the Bracero Program forms a very important part of collective memory that is transmitted and build through a photographic and oral way. To find out more about this program and its iconography: Bracero History Archive. Available at: http://www.braceroarchive.org/. (Accessed on September 27, 2021); Jorge Duran, “El program bracero (1942-1964). Un balance crítico” in Migración y Desarrollo, núm. 9, second quarter 2007, 27-43. Available at: https://www. redalyc.org/pdf/660/66000902.pdf. (Accessed on September 27, 2021); Jorge Duran, “El programa bracero (1942-1964). Un balance crítico” in Migración y Desarrollo, núm. 9, second quarter 2007, 27-43. Available at: https://www.redalyc. org/pdf/660/66000902.pdf. (Accessed on September 27, 2021); Craig Sherod, Cenzontles, “Best of me, braceros in portrait” Hemispheric Institute Digital Video Library (Via NYU Libraries), 2011. Available at: https://hdl.handle. net/2333.1/fj6q59fx. (Accessed on September 27, 2021).

  2. Alexandra Halkin, “Outside the Indigenous Lens: Zapatistas and Autonomous Video-making,” in Global Indigenous Media: Cultures, Poetics, and Politics, ed. Pamela Wilson and Michelle Stewart (Duke University Press: 2008), 67.

  3. Mann, Nolan, and Wellman, “Sousveillance: Inventing and Using Wearable Computing Devices for Data Collection in Surveillance Environments,” in Surveillance & Society 1(3), 333.


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