Exercises of Resistance: Recovering and Reconstructing Memory and Identity/ies

In an exercise in which criticism and imagination are inextricably linked, Panamanian artists Milko Delgado, Risseth Yangüez Singh, and José Braithwaite exchange opinions, expectations, and memories about the conflicted and problematic mestizo identity in Panama to consider the possibility of a world where Afro-descendant and Black memory of the land is not ignored.

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  1. “Biodiversidad, el gran tesoro de Panamá,” Sección Prensa, Ministerio de Ambiente, Gobierno Nacional de la República de Panamá, May 22, 2020. Disponible en: https://www.miambiente.gob.pa/panama-una-joya-de-la-biodiversidad-global/ (Accessed on October 6, 2021).

  2. For a short essay on the way this concept is used in Panama and the construction of white supremacy in the country, see: Georges Priestley, “Panamá en el siglo XXI: ¿dejando el racismo atrás?,” La Prensa, July 20, 1999.

  3. The “melting pot of races” is a concept that is widely used to describe racial mixing, national unity, and the absence of racism in favor of whiteness as a collective identity within a country. See Peter Andrew Szok, “La Patria es el recuerdo…”: Panamanian Nationalism (1903-1931) (New Orleans: Tulane University, 1998).


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