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28.05.2020

A History of Color (Or Why Art Will Not Save Us in Times of a Pandemic)

Pinpointing whiteness as the umbrella under which artistic productions and their system of circulation have historically been upheld since the 17th Century, curator Mariana Leme carries out a historical review that questions the discourses of difference–emphasized by the pandemic– that instrumentalize otherness in the present.

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Notes

  1. Simon Gikandi, Slavery and the Culture of Taste, Nueva Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2011.

  2. Roger des Piles, Dissertation sur les ouvrages des plus fameux peintres, París, 1681, p. 59, apud Anne Lafont, L’art et la race. L’Africain (tout) contre l’œil des Lumières, París: Les Presses du Réel, 2019, p. 19.

  3. Frantz Fanon, Pele negra, máscaras brancas, Salvador: Editora da UFBA, 2008, p. 34.

  4. Jacqueline Lichtenstein, La couleur eloquente, París: Flammarion, 2013.

  5. Ibid., p. 41.

  6. La Bruyère, Les Caractères. Des Jugements, p. 57, 1696 (9ª ed.), apud Íbid., p. 39-40.

  7. Simon Gikandi, op. cit., p. 2, emphasis added.

  8. Citado en Madeleine Dobie, Trading Places. Colonization and Slavery in Eighteenth-Century French Culture, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010, p. 55.

  9. L. Snetlage, Novo dicionário francês contendo novas criações do povo francês, Göttingen, 1795. Citado en Jean Starobinski, As máscaras da civilização, São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2001, p. 12.

  10. Roger De Piles, Dissertation sur les ouvrages des plus fameux peintres. Dédiée à monseigneur le duc de Richelieu, París, 1681, p. 61-62, apud Anne Lafont, op. cit., p. 16.

  11. Frantz Fanon, Pele negra, máscaras brancas (Salvador: Editora da UFBA, 2008), p. 90.

  12. Such as Buffon’s Natural History (published between 1749 and 1804), specially, “Histoire naturelle de l’homme”, p. 429-557, available in gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1067226x.

  13. Aurélia Michel, Un monde en nègre et blanc. Enquête historique sur l’ordre racial, París: Seuil, 2020, p. 21.

  14. Lilia Moritz Schwarcz. “Lendo e agenciando imagens: o rei, a natureza e seus belos naturais”. Sociologia & Antropologia, vol. 4, oct. 2014, https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2238-38752014000200391&lng=pt&tlng=pt.

  15. Immanuel Kant, Observações sobre o sentimento do belo e do sublime. Ensaio sobre as doenças mentais (Lisboa: Edições 70, 2012), p. 69, my own emphasis. However, there are recognized Black intellectuals in the West since the time of the philosopher, such as the poet Phillis Wheatley (c. 1753-1784) and the writer, composer, and actor Ignatius Sancho (c. 1729-1780), among others.

  16. Gloria Wekker, White Innocence. Paradoxes of Colonialism and Race (Durham/Londres: Duke University Press, 2016), p. 17

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