Comunidad Catrileo+Carrión: Mapuche Non-Binary Utopias for an Epupillan Present

As a call for other ways of living beyond the heteropatriarchal regime, Comunidad Catrileo+Carrión draws poetics to imagine epupillan utopias, tides of planetary solidarity that go beyond the binary.

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  1. Ana Bacigalupo, “La lucha por la masculinidad del Machi: políticas coloniales de género, sexualidad y poder en el sur de Chile” Revista de historia Indígena 6 (2002): 29-65. https://revistas.uchile.cl/index.php/RHI/article/view/40145/41707

  2. We are aware that speaking about this could be seen as a serious transgression against a system that appears to be so rigid and unquestionable, but we do not accept the idea, based in an argument of duality, that tradition can only be upheld through heteronormativity.

  3. Willy Morales, Sonia Catepillan, and Ruth Antupichun shared these situated epupillan experiences with us. They were later developed in greater detail by Antonio Calibán Catrileo in his book of essays Awkan epupillan mew. Dos espíritus en divergencia (Pehuén Editores, 2019)

  4. We were able to learn other words that also describe our epupüllü experiences from Carmen Zapata Lancucheo’s account. On her podcast Orig-ke?, she explains that in her community in Didaico, Chile, the word is used by those who define themselves as neither heterosexual nor LGBTIQ+. On the other hand, Aliwen (curator, art critic, and writer), with whom we had the opportunity to engage in conversations and alliances during the seminar “Descentrar lo Humano” (Decenter the Human), which we organized in in June-July 2020 at Tlaxcala 3 along with the Global Center for Advanced Studies Latin America, has also visibilized epupüllü experiences in the Mapuche-Williche territory of Panguipulli.

  5. Pillan is a powerful spirit in the Mapuche mythology

  6. Juan Ñanculef, Tayiñ Mapuche Kimün. Epistemología Mapuche (Santiago: Universidad de Chile, 2016)

  7. In September and October of 2020, we participated in the seminar Otras formas de existir (Other Ways of Existing), led by Adriana Salazar in MUCA ROMA, Mexico City. In a session there, we presented on our critical epupillan as a means of exploring other modes of relating that look critically at colonialism, patriarchy, capitalism, and extractivisim.

  8. Leonel Lienlaf, Se ha despertado el ave de mi corazón (Santiago: Universitaria, 1989)


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